Ski Boots FAQs
Where did skiing originate and when?
Skiing originated in the Nordic countries of Sweden and Norway. Each country has many different trails that traverse their mountainous country sides as well as festivals to commemorate the history of each sport with local flavor. Carvings have shown skiing to be around as early as 5000 BCE, but the dates are varied based on the medium of historical representation. A primitive ski was found in a peat bog in Sweden which has been dated back to 2500 or 4500 BCE. Carbon dating has traced the history of this winter sport to the 1010 BCE, discovered only in 2004. Any way your measure it, skiing has been popular for some time and any sufficient conglomeration of mountains, snow, and a sufficient level of tourism has provided ample ground for the development of ski resorts.
What systems are used for avalanche rescue?
By and large, when rescuing someone from an avalanche there are a few methods to quickly find the individual. The first is the RECCO rescues system which utilizes a high frequency pulse which is reflected by a small patch that is found on many different kinds of ski gear. The second is rescue dogs which are specifically trained to search a debris field and find any possible humans that could be lying feet under the snow. The third is an old school line and pole method. In this practice a line of skiers is made at one end of the debris field and they use long poles to jab the snow, if they poke something they dig to rescue the person underneath, but this is cumbersome as it requires a large number of people and they must search the entire debris field.
What different types of alpine skis are there?
Since skiing has exploded as a leisure sport, there are specialized skis for almost every skiing condition. The deep powder hunter can find solace and comfort in the powder waders than can have a width of 110 cm to stay on top of the fluff. A competitive racer can find that almost every major company has a line of racing skies for the rookie all the way up to the Olympic level, and if you’re good would even consider sponsoring you. For the more groom oriented hobbyist, there are lines of hard skies specifically engineered to dig into the packed snow, or even the unsatisfactory ice in the middle of the overrun path enabling you to dig in no matter what. There are specific lines of skis for women and kids, as well as mixes between the combinations shown above. An understanding of what conditions you’ll be facing up on the slopes will enable you to pick the proper pair of skis.
What determines if a ski binding will release the skier?
There are two methods. One is to pop out by mechanically pressing on the rear of the alpine ski binding. The second is when you fall, a torque threshold could be overcome causing the binding to automatically release. The value of torque required is measured by the Deutsches Institut für Normung number, also known as a DIN number. This can be adjusted by a Philips head screwdriver at the front of the binding. Typically this number is decided upon by height, weight, age, skill level, and skiing type of the individual skier. For this reason, most companies that make bindings will highly recommend that you have your specific pair of bindings tuned to you personally based on the criteria listed above.